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Euronews’ LIFE series travels around the world pausing in different countries to produce a series of reports bringing our viewers a new perspective on the country in the spotlight. The stories focus on culture, heritage, lifestyle or business tapping into the pulse of the issue in question. Our presenter guides us through the reports - the style is entertaining, informative and upbeat.

Getting a glow of health in the land of fire

11/06 18:11 CET

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Factfile: Azerbaijan

  • Where: Azerbaijan shares its borders with Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to the south.
  • History: The country gets its name from Atropates, a Persian nobleman. In modern Persian translates to "The Treasury" and "The Treasurer" of fire or "The Land of the Fire".
  • Area: 86,600 sq. km.
  • Population: 9,168 millions.
  • Official Language: Azerbaijani
  • Economy: Oil and natural gas. Azerbaijan is one of the birthplaces of the oil industry and produces about 800,000 barrels a day and one billion cubic meters of gas per year.
  • Currency: Azerbaijani Manat. It is divided into 100 qepik.
  • Major Religion: Islam
  • Drink: Tea is the most popular drink. It is traditionally served in a pear shaped glass and often consumed through lumps of sugar or jam, held in the mouth.
  • Rivers: There are 8,350 rivers in Azerbaijan and all of them drain into the Caspian Sea.
  • Capital: Baku. It is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula. Its name in Persian means "Wind-pounded city". The city is the scientific, cultural and industrial centre of the country with an estimated population of 2,064 millions.
  • There are around 2,000 mud volcanoes in 42 countries and of those 344 are located in Azerbaijan
  • The mud volcanoes are mostly located in the eastern part of the country, some of them form the volcanic islands in the coastal area of the Caspian Sea
  • The highest mud volcano in Azerbaijan is Osmanbozdag, at 403 metres above sea level. The name Osmanbozdag translates as a "mountain which breathes the fire"
  • Mud volcanos are ultra-deep, and they help geologists in their search for underground fuel resources
  • From 1810 till 2007 there were 387 mud volcano eruptions in Azerbaijan
  • Every year there are around five eruptions of mud volcanoes
  • The most active mud volcano in the world is Lock-Batan located just 15 km away from Baku. Starting from 1829 it errupted 22 times
  • In 1933 there was an exploration well spudded within Lock-Batan. A huge oil-field was discovered. Its output capacity measured 20 tonnes per day
  • Ivanovka in facts and figures
  • There are 1,000 houses in Ivanovka
  • 2,000 ethnic Russians, descended from Molokans live in the village
  • There are also 1,000 newcomers who set up home in Ivanovka in recent years. Mostly they are Azeris and lezgians
  • There are around 10 people who are more than 90 years old
  • In 1954 a new leader was appointed to collective farm of Ivanovka, Nikolai Nikitin. Thanks to him this 'kolkhoz' became one of the most successful in the country. Now it is named after Nikitin
  • Kolkhoz Nikitin has 5 hectares of cultivatable land, which produces dairy products, meat, grapes, chickens and eggs which are all sold in the region and in the capital of Azerbaijan, Baku
  • There are around 1,000 visitors to Ivanovka every year. They come to recuperate from city life and enjoy the hospitality of local people who cook traditional meals. The guests can also relax in Russian saunas
  • Nij in facts and figures
  • There around 10, 000 Udi people living around the world; 4,465 of them live in Nij
  • The first Udi school opened in Nij in 1856, but in 1937 the teaching in Udi language was replaced by teaching in Russian and Azeri
  • The Udi language belongs to the northern branch of the Caucasian group, it has two dialects
  • There are 49 letters in the ancient Udi alphabet, the language has 52 sounds
  • Some researchers believe that the Udi language was probably the main tongue of the Caucasian Albanians
  • Caucasian Albania existed from the 2nd century BC until 8th century AD. Its first capital Kapalak, present-day Gabala, is located around 40 kilometres from Nij

  • Baku: into tomorrow’s world
    26/05/13 19:30 CET

    Baku: into tomorrow’s world

    In this edition of Azerbaijan Life we go to the capital of the country, Baku, to see and hear how the city is moving into the…

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